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Other publications

A list of publications of CCE since the start of the CCE in 1990.

Last update 9 March 2016

2016 

Bonten LTC, Reinds GJ, Posch M, 2016. A model to calculate effects of atmospheric deposition on soil acidification, eutrophication and carbon sequestration. Environmental Modelling & Software 79: 75-84; DOI: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.01.009

2015

Heleen A. de Wit, Jean-Paul Hettelingh, Harry Harmens (eds), 2015. Trends in ecosystem and health responses to long-range transported atmospheric pollutants. Rapport L.NR. 6946-2015, www.icp-waters.no.

C. Mulder, J.-P. Hettelingh, L. Montanarella, M. R. Pasimeni, M. Posch, W. Voigt, and G. Zurlini. Chemical footprints of anthropogenic nitrogen deposition on recentsoil C:N ratios in Europe. Biogeosciences, 12, 4113-4119, 2015;DOI:10.5194/bg-12-4113-2015 (www.biogeosciences.net/12/4113/2015/)

De Vries W, Hettelingh J-P, Posch M (eds), 2015. Critical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments: Nitrogen, Acidity and Metals in Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems. Environmental Pollution Series Vol. 25, Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht, xxviii+662 pp.; ISBN 978-94-017-9507-4; DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-9508-1 (http://www.springer.com/environment/pollution+and+remediation/book/978-94-017-9507-4)

Posch M, Duan L, Reinds GJ, Zhao Y, 2015. Critical loads of nitrogen and sulphur to avert acidification and eutrophication in Europe and China. Landscape Ecology 30(3): 487-499; DOI: 10.1007/s10980-014-0123-y

 

2014

Helliwell RC, Wright RF, Jackson-Blake LA, Ferrier RC, Aherne J, Cosby BJ, Evans CD, Forsius M, Hruska J, Jenkins A, Krám P, Kopacek J, Majer V, Moldan F, Posch M, Potts JM, Rogora M, Schöpp W, 2014. Assessing recovery from acidification of European surface waters in the year 2010: Evaluation of projections made with the MAGIC model in 1995. Environmental Science & Technology 48(22): 13280-13288; DOI: 10.1021/es502533c

Kauppi PE, Posch M, Pirinen P, 2014. Large impacts of climatic warming on growth of boreal forests since 1960. PLoS ONE 9(11): e111340; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0111340

Simpson D, Andersson C, Christensen JH, Engardt M, Geels C, Nyiri A, Posch M, Soares J, Sofiev M, Wind P, Langner J, 2014. Impacts of climate and emission changes on nitrogen deposition in Europe: a multi-model study. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14: 6995–7017; DOI: 10.5194/acp-14-6995-2014

Granath G, Limpens J, Posch M, Mücher S, De Vries W, 2014. Spatio-temporal trends of nitrogen deposition and climate effects on Sphagnum productivity in European peatlands. Environmental Pollution 187: 73-80; DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2013.12.023

Rowe EC, Tipping E, Posch M, Oulehle F, Cooper DM, Jones TG, Burden A, Hall J, Evans CD, 2014. Predicting nitrogen and acidity effects on long-term dynamics of dissolved organic matter. Environmental Pollution 184: 271-282; DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2013.08.023

Hettelingh J-P, De Vries W, Posch M, Reinds GJ, Slootweg J, Hicks WK, 2014. Development of the critical loads concept and current and potential applications to different regions of the world. Chapter 30 in: MA Sutton, KE Mason, LJ Sheppard, H Sverdrup, R Haeuber, WK Hicks (eds): Nitrogen Deposition, Critical Loads and Biodiversity. Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht, pp. 281-293; ISBN 978-94-007-7938-9

De Vries W, Posch M, Reinds GJ, Hettelingh J-P, 2014. Quantification of impacts of nitrogen deposition on forest ecosystem services in Europe. Chapter 43 in: MA Sutton, KE Mason, LJ Sheppard, H Sverdrup, R Haeuber, WK Hicks (eds): Nitrogen Deposition, Critical Loads and Biodiversity. Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht, pp. 411-424; ISBN 978-94-007-7938-9

Clair TA, Blett T, Aherne J, Aidar MPM, Artz R, Bealey WJ, Budd W, Cape JN, Curtis CJ, Duan L, Fenn ME, Groffman P, Haeuber R, Hall JR, Hettelingh J-P, López-Hernández D, Mathieson S, Pardo L, Posch M, Pouyat RV, Spranger T, Sverdrup H, Van Dobben H, Van Hinsberg A, 2014. The critical loads and levels approach for nitrogen. Chapter 50 in: MA Sutton, KE Mason, LJ Sheppard, H Sverdrup, R Haeuber, WK Hicks (eds): Nitrogen Deposition, Critical Loads and Biodiversity. Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht, pp. 481-491; ISBN 978-94-007-7938-9

Fagerli H, Solberg S, Tsyro S, Benedictow A, Aas W, Hjellbrekke A-G, Posch M, 2014. Chapter 2: Status of transboundary pollution in 2012. In: Fagerli H, et al. (eds): Transboundary particulate matter, photo-oxidants, acidifying and eutrophying components. EMEP Status Report 1/2014, Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway, pp.21-55; www.emep.int/mscw

Hettelingh J-P, Posch M, with contributions by Ruyssenaars P, Slootweg J, Lükewille A, 2014. Effects of air pollution on European ecosystems. EEA Technical Report 11/2014, European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, Denmark, 38 pp; DOI: 10.2800/18365; www.eea.europa.eu/publications

Amann M, Borken-Kleefeld J, Cofala J, Hettelingh J-P, Heyes C, Höglund-Isaksson L, Holland M R, Kiesewetter G, Klimont Z, Rafaj P, Posch M, Sander R, Schöpp W, Wagner F, Winiwarter W, 2014. The final policy scenarios of the EU Clean Air Policy Package. TSAP Report #11, version 1.1a, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria, 45 pp; www.iiasa.ac.at/web/home/research/researchPrograms/MitigationofAirPollutionandGreenhousegases/TSAP-reports.en.html

 

2013

Hettelingh J-P, Posch M, Velders GJM, Ruyssenaars P, Adams M, De Leeuw F, Lükewille A, Maas R, Sliggers J, Slootweg J, 2013. Assessing interim objectives for acidification, eutrophication and ground-level ozone of the EU National Emission Ceilings Directive with 2001 and 2012 knowledge. Atmospheric Environment 75: 129-140; DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.03.060

Aherne J, Posch M, 2013. Impacts of nitrogen and sulphur deposition on forest ecosystem services in Canada. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 5: 108-115; DOI: 10.1016/j.cosust.2013.02.005

Holmberg M, Vuorenmaa J, Posch M, Forsius M, Lundin L, Kleemola S, Augustaitis A, Beudert B, De Wit HA, Dirnböck T, Evans CD, Frey J, Grandin U, Indriksone I, Krám P, Pompei E, Schulte-Bisping H, Srybny A, Váňa M, 2013. Relationship between critical load exceedances and empirical impact indicators at Integrated Monitoring sites across Europe. Ecological Indicators 24: 256-265; DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.06.013

De Vries W, Groenenberg JE, Lofts S, Tipping E, Posch M, 2013. Critical loads of heavy metals for soils. Chapter 8 in: BJ Alloway (ed): Heavy Metals in Soils. 3rd edition, Environmental Pollution Series Vol. 22, Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp. 211-237; DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-4470-7

Schulz M, Mareckova K, Wankmüller R, Posch M, Nyíri, Á, Benedictow A, Gauss M, 2013. Chapter 4: The EMEP grid. In: Schulz M, et al. (eds): Transboundary acidification, eutrophication and ground level ozone in Europe in 2011. EMEP Report 1/2013, Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway, pp.61-69; www.niva.no

2012

Reis S, Grennfelt P, Klimont Z, Amann M, ApSimon H, Hettelingh J-P, Holland M, Le Gall A-C, Maas R, Posch M, Spranger T, Sutton MA, Williams M, 2012. Policy Forum: From acid rain to climate change. Science 338: 1153-1154; DOI: 10.1126/science.1226514

Posch M, Aherne J, Forsius M, Rask M, 2012. Past, present, and future exceedance of critical loads of acidity for surface waters in Finland. Environmental Science & Technology 46: 4507-4514; DOI: 10.1021/es300332r

Kopáček J, Posch M, Hejzlar J, Oulehle F, Volková A, 2012. An elevation-based regional model for interpolating sulphur and nitrogen deposition. Atmospheric Environment 50: 287-296; DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.12.017

Aherne J, Posch M, Forsius M, Lehtonen A, Härkönen K, 2012. Impacts of forest biomass removal on soil nutrient status under climate change: a catchment-based modelling study for Finland. Biogeochemistry 107(1-3): 471-488; DOI:10.1007/s10533-010-9569-4

2011

Posch M, Aherne J, Hettelingh J-P, 2011. Nitrogen critical loads using biodiversity-related critical limits. Environmental Pollution 159(10): 2223-2227; DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.11.001

De Vries W, Posch M, 2011. Modelling the impact of nitrogen deposition, climate change and nutrient limitations on tree carbon sequestration in Europe for the period 1900–2050. Environmental Pollution 159(10): 2289-2299; DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.11.023

Amann M, Bertok I, Borken-Kleefeld J, Cofala J, Heyes C, Höglund-Isaksson L, Klimont Z, Nguyen B, Posch M, Rafaj P, Sandler R, Schöpp W, Wagner F, Winiwarter W, 2011. Cost-effective control of air quality and greenhouse gases in Europe: Modeling and policy applications. Environmental Modelling & Software 26(12): 1489-1501; DOI: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2011.07.012

Kopáček J, Posch M, 2011. Anthropogenic nitrogen emissions during the Holocene and their possible effects on remote ecosystems. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 25(2): GB2017 (16 pp); DOI: 10.1029/2010GB003779

Winiwarter W, Hettelingh J-P, Bouwman AE, De Vries W, Erisman JW, Galloway J, Klimont Z, Leach A, Leip A, Pallière C, Schneider UA, Spranger T, Sutton MA, Svirejeva-Hopkins A, Van der Hoek KW, Witzke P, 2011, Future scenarios of nitrogen in Europe. Chapter 24 in: MA Sutton et al. (eds) The European Nitrogen Assessment. Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-1-107-00612-6, Cambridge, pp. 551-569

Hettelingh J-P, De Vries W, 2011. Foreword of Special Issue: Integrated Monitoring in Sweden, Ambio 40(8): 834; DOI: 10.1007/s13280-011-0200-2

Belyazid S, Kurz D, Braun S, Sverdrup H, Rihm B, Hettelingh J-P, 2011. A dynamic modelling approach for estimating critical loads of nitrogen based on plant community changes under a changing climate. Environmental Pollution 159: 789-801; DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.11.005

2010

Forsius M, Posch M, Aherne J, Reinds GJ, Christensen J, Hole L, 2010. Assessing the impacts of long-range sulfur and nitrogen deposition on arctic and sub-arctic ecosystems. Ambio 39(2): 136-147; DOI: 10.1007/s13280-010-0022-7

Tominaga K, Aherne J, Watmough SA, Alveteg M, Cosby BJ, Driscoll CT, Posch M, Pourmokhtarian A, 2010. Predicting acidification recovery at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire: Evaluation of four models. Environmental Science & Technology 44(23): 9003-9009; DOI: 10.1021/es102243j

De Vries W, Wamelink GWW, Van Dobben H, Kros J, Reinds GJ, Mol-Dijkstra JP, Smart SM, Evans CD, Rowe EC, Belyazid S, Sverdrup HU, Van Hinsberg A, Posch M, Hettelingh J-P, Spranger T, Bobbink R, 2010. Use of dynamic soil-vegetation models to assess impacts of nitrogen deposition on plant species composition: an overview. Ecological Applications 20(1): 60-79; DOI: 10.1890/08-1019.1

Holmberg M, Posch M, Kleemola S, Vuorenmaa J, Forsius M, 2010. Calculation of site-specific critical loads for acidification and eutrophication for terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. In: S Kleemola, M Forsius (eds) 19th Annual Report 2010. UNECE ICP Integrated Monitoring. The Finnish Environment 15|2010:27-36. Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki, Finland

2009

Curtis CJ, Juggins S, Clarke G, Battarbee RW, Kernan M, Catalan J, Thompson R, Posch M, 2009. Regional influence of acid deposition and climate change in European mountain lakes assessed using diatom transfer functions. Freshwater Biology 54: 2555-2572; DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2009.02317.x

Reinds GJ, Posch M, Leemans R, 2009. Modelling recovery from soil acidification in European forests under climate change. Science of the Total Environment 407: 5663-5673; DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.07.013

Tominaga K, Aherne J, Watmough SA, Alveteg M, Cosby BJ, Driscoll CT, Posch M, 2009. Voyage without constellation: evaluating the performance of three uncalibrated process-oriented models. Hydrology Research 40(2-3): 261-272; DOI: 10.2166/nh.2009.085

Reinds GJ, Posch M, De Vries W, 2009. Modelling the long-term soil response to atmospheric deposition at intensively monitored forest plots in Europe. Environmental Pollution 157(4): 1258-1269; DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2008.11.046

Mayer AL, Vihermaa L, Nieminen N, Luomi A, Posch M, 2009. Epiphytic macrolichen community correlates with modeled air pollutants and forest conditions. Ecological Indicators 9: 992-1000; DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2008.11.010

Posch M, Reinds GJ, 2009. A very simple dynamic soil acidification model for scenario analyses and target load calculations. Environmental Modelling & Software 24: 329-340; DOI: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2008.09.007

Posch M, De Vries W, 2009. Dynamic modelling of metals - time scales and target loads. Environmental Modelling & Software 24: 86-95; DOI: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2008.05.007

Hettelingh J-P, De Vries B, Hordijk L, 2009. Integrated assessment. In: Boersema J, Reijnders L (eds) Principles of Environmental Sciences. Springer, ISBN 978-1-4020-9157-5, pp. 385-417

Holmberg M, Posch M, Kleemola S, Vuorenmaa J, Forsius M, 2009. Calculation of critical loads for acidification and eutrophication for terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. In: S Kleemola, M Forsius (eds) 18th Annual Report 2009. UNECE ICP Integrated Monitoring. The Finnish Environment 23|2009:23-35. Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki, Finland

2008

Spranger T, Hettelingh J-P, Slootweg J, Posch M, 2008. Modelling and mapping long-term risks due to reactive nitrogen effects: An overview of LRTAP convention activities. Environmental Pollution 154: 482-487; DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2007.10.035

Reinds GJ, Posch M, De Vries W, Slootweg J, Hettelingh J-P, 2008. Critical loads of sulphur and nitrogen for terrestrial ecosystems in Europe and Northern Asia using different soil chemical criteria. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 193: 269-287; DOI: 10.1007/s11270-008-9688-x

Posch M, Seppälä J, Hettelingh J-P, Johansson M, Margni M, Jolliet O, 2008. The role of atmospheric dispersion models and ecosystem sensitivity in the determination of characterisation factors for acidifying and eutrophying emissions in LCIA. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 13: 86-95; DOI: 10.1007/s11367-008-0025-9

Posch M, Aherne J, Forsius M, Fronzek S, Veijalainen N, 2008. Modelling the impacts of European emission and climate change scenarios in acid-sensitive catchments in Finland. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 12: 449-463; www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/12/449/2008/

Aherne J, Posch M, Forsius M, Vuorenmaa J, Tamminen P, Holmberg M, Johansson, M, 2008. Modelling the hydro-geochemistry of acid-sensitive catchments in Finland under atmospheric deposition and biomass harvesting scenarios. Biogeochemistry 88(3): 233-256; DOI: 10.1007/s10533-008-9206-7

Ashmore M, De Vries W, Hettelingh J-P, Hicks K, Posch M, Reinds GJ, Tonneijck F, Van Bree L, Van Dobben H, 2008. Environmental and health impacts of air pollution. Chapter 6 in: RS Sokhi (ed): World Atlas of Atmospheric Pollution. Anthem Press, London and New York, pp 77-93

Forsius M, Posch M, Aherne J, 2008. Assessing links between climate change and air pollution effects using site-specific data: Development of a model framework. In: S Kleemola, M Forsius (eds) 17th Annual Report 2008. UNECE ICP Integrated Monitoring. The Finnish Environment 28|2008:28-38. Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki, Finland

2007

Hettelingh J-P, Posch M, Slootweg J, Reinds GJ, Spranger T, Tarrason L, 2007. Critical loads and dynamic modelling to assess European areas at risk of acidification and eutrophication. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus 7: 379-384; DOI: 10.1007/s11267-006-9099-1

Slootweg J, Hettelingh J-P, Posch M, Schütze G, Spranger T, De Vries W, Reinds GJ, Van t’Zelfde M, Dutchak S, Ilyin I, 2007. European critical loads of cadmium, lead and mercury and their exceedances. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus 7: 371-377; DOI: 10.1007/s11267-006-9092-8

Posch M, Kurz D, 2007. A2M – A program to compute all possible mineral modes from geochemical analyses. Computers & Geosciences 33: 563-572; DOI: 10.1016/j.cageo.2006.08.007

De Vries W, Kros H, Reinds GJ, Wamelink W, Mol J, Van Dobben H, Bobbink R, Emmett B, Smart S, Evans C, Schlutow A, Kraft P, Belyazid S, Sverdrup H, Van Hinsberg A, Posch M, Hettelingh J-P, 2007. Developments in deriving critical limits and modeling critical loads of nitrogen for terrestrial ecosystems in Europe. Alterra Report 1382, Alterra WUR, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 206 pp

Posch M, Eggenberger U, Kurz D, Rihm B, 2007. Critical loads of acidity for alpine lakes. A weathering rate calculation model and the generalized First-order Acidity Balance ( FAB) model applied to alpine lake catchments. Environmental Studies 0709, Federal Office for the Environment, Berne, Switzerland, 69 pp

Wright RF, Posch M, Cosby BJ, Forsius M, Skjelkvåle BL, 2007. Review of the Gothenburg Protocol: Chemical and biological responses in surface waters and soils. ICP-Waters Report 89/2007, Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo, Norway, 40 pp; www.niva.no

2006

Wright RF, Aherne J, Bishop K, Camarero L, Cosby BJ, Erlandsson M, Evans CD, Forsius M, Hardekopf DW, Helliwell R, Hruska J, Jenkins A, Kopácek J, Moldan F, Posch M, Rogora M 2006. Modelling the effect of climate change on recovery of acidified freshwaters: Relative sensitivity of individual processes in the MAGIC model. Science of the Total Environment 365: 154-166; DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.02.042

Seppälä J, Posch M, Johansson M, Hettelingh J-P (2006) Country-dependent characterisation factors for acidification and terrestrial eutrophication based on accumulated exceedance as an impact category indicator. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 11(6): 403-416; DOI: 10.1065/lca2005.06.215

Wright RF, Cosby BJ, Høgåsen T, Larssen T, Posch M (2006) Critical loads, target load functions and dynamic modelling for surface waters and ICP Waters sites. ICP-Waters Report 83/2006, Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo, Norway, 35 pp; www.niva.no

Derome J, Manninen S, Aherne J, Hellstedt P, Hettelingh J-P, Hicks K, Huttunen S, Kämäri J, Kashulina G, Kozlov M, Markkola A, Posch M, Ruotsalainen A-L, Salminen S, Zvereva E (2006) Chapter 5: Effects on terrestrial ecosystems. In: AMAP Assessment 2006: Acidifying Pollutants, Arctic Haze, and Acidification in the Arctic. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway, pp. 41-63

Skjelkvåle BL, Aherne J, Bergman T, Bishop K, Forsius M, Forsström L, Gashkina NA, Hettelingh J-P, Jeffries D, Kaste Ø, Korhola A, Lappalainen A, Laudon H, Mannio J, Moiseenko T, Nyman M, Posch M, Schartau AK, Stoddard J, Tammi J, Vuorenmaa J, Wilander A, Yakovlev V (2006) Chapter 6: Effects on freshwater ecosystems. In: AMAP Assessment 2006: Acidifying Pollutants, Arctic Haze, and Acidification in the Arctic. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway, pp. 64-90

2005

Wright RF, Larssen T, Camarero L, Cosby BJ, Ferrier RC, Helliwell R, Forsius M, Jenkins A, Kopácek J, Majer V, Moldan F, Posch M, Rogora M, Schöpp W (2005) Recovery of acidified European surface waters. Environmental Science & Technology 39: 64A-72A; DOI: 10.1021/es0531778

Curtis C, Posch M, Casals-Carrasco P, Catalan J, Hughes M, Kernan M, Ventura M (2005) The significance of European high mountain lakes in critical load distributions at the EMEP grid scale. Aquatic Sciences 67: 252-262; DOI: 10.1007/s00027-005-0743-z

Hettelingh J-P, Posch M, Potting J (2005) Country-dependent characterisation factors for acidification in Europe – A critical evaluation. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 10(3): 177-183; DOI: 10.1065/lca2004.09.182

Van Loon M, Tarrasón L, Posch M (2005) Modelling base cations in Europe. MSC-W Technical Report 2/05, Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway, 58 pp; www.emep.int

2004

Aherne J, Posch M, Dillon PJ, Henriksen A (2004) Critical loads of acidity for surface waters in south-central Ontario, Canada: Regional application of the First-order Acidity Balance ( FAB) model. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus 4: 25-36

Tarrasón L, Posch M, Spranger T, Wind P (2004) Changes in risk calculation for ecosystem damage from 1990 to 2020. Chapter 7 in: Transboundary acidification, eutrophication and ground level ozone in Europe. EMEP Status Report 1/2004, Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway, pp. 139-154; www.emep.int

Johansson M, Gregor H, Achermann B, Conway F, Farrett R, Forsius M, Harmens H, Haußmann T, Hettelingh J-P, Jenkins A, Johannessen T, Krzyzanowski M, Kucera V, Kvaeven B, Lorenz M, Lundin L, Mill W, Mills G, Posch M, Skjelkvåle BL, Spranger T, Ulstein MJ, Bull K (2004) Twenty-five years of effects research for the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. Proceedings of the 13th World Clean Air and Environmental Protection Congress and Exhibition, 22-27 August 2004, London, IUAPPA, 7 pp. (CD-ROM)

2003

Schöpp W, Posch M, Mylona S, Johansson M (2003) Long-term development of acid deposition (1880-2030) in sensitive freshwater regions in Europe. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 7(4): 436-446

Jenkins A, Camarero L, Cosby BJ, Ferrier RC, Forsius M, Helliwell RC, Kopácek J, Majer V, Moldan F, Posch M, Rogora M, Schöpp W, Wright RF (2003) A modelling assessment of acidification and recovery of European surface waters. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 7(4): 447-455

Posch M, Forsius M, Johansson M, Vuorenmaa J, Kämäri J (2003) Modelling the recovery of acid-sensitive Finnish headwater lakes under present emission reduction agreements. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 7(4): 484-493

Jenkins A, Cosby BJ, Ferrier RC, Larssen T, Posch M (2003) Assessing emission reduction targets with dynamic models: deriving target load functions for use in integrated assessment. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 7(4): 609-617

De Vries W, Posch M (2003) Derivation of cation exchange constants for sand loess, clay and peat soils on the basis of field measurements in the Netherlands. Alterra-rapport 701, Alterra Green World Research, Wageningen, Netherlands, 50 pp

De Vries W, Posch M (2003) Critical levels and critical loads as a tool for air quality management. In: CN Hewitt, AV Jackson (eds) Handbook of Atmospheric Science – Principles and Applications. Blackwell Science, Oxford, United Kingdom, pp. 562-602

Herk CM van, Mathijssen-Spiekman EAM, Zwart D de, 2003 Long distance nitrogen air pollution effects on lichens in Europe, Lichenologist 35:347-59

2002

Kaste Ø, Henriksen A, Posch M (2002) Present and potential nitrogen outputs from Norwegian soft water lakes – an assessment made by applying the steady-state First-order Acidity Balance ( FAB) model. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 6(1): 101-112

Schmieman E, De Vries W, Hordijk L, Kroeze C, Posch M, Reinds GJ, Van Ierland E (2002) Dynamic cost-effective reduction strategies for acidification in Europe: An application to Ireland and the United Kingdom. Environmental Modeling and Assessment 7: 163-178

Alcamo J, Mayerhofer P, Guardans R, Van Harmelen T, Van Minnen J, Onigkeit J, Posch M, De Vries B (2002) An integrated assessment of regional air pollution and climate change in Europe: Findings of the AIR-CLIM project. Environmental Science and Policy 5(4): 257-272

Mayerhofer P, De Vries B, Den Elzen M, Van Vuuren D, Onigkeit J, Posch M, Guardans R (2002) Long-term, consistent scenarios of emissions, deposition, and climate change in Europe. Environmental Science and Policy 5(4): 273-305

Posch M (2002) Impacts of climate change on critical loads and their exceedances in Europe. Environmental Science and Policy 5(4): 307-317

Bouwman AF, Van Vuuren DP, Derwent RG, Posch M (2002) A global analysis of acidification and eutrophication of terrestrial ecosystems. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 141: 349-382

Aherne J, Posch M, Rusmir C, Dillon P, Henriksen A (2002) Critical load of acidity to surface waters in south-central Ontario, Canada. II. Application of the First-order Acidity Balance ( FAB) model. Report SNO 4567-2002 (Acid Rain Research Report 55/02), Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo, Norway, 29 pp

Jenkins A, Larssen T, Moldan F, Posch M, Wright RF (2002) Dynamic modelling of surface waters: Impact of emission reduction, possibilities and limitations. Report SNO 4598-2002 (ICP Waters Report 70/2002), Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo, Norway, 42 pp; www.niva.no

2001

Henriksen A, Posch M (2001) Steady-state models for calculating critical loads of acidity for surface waters. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus 1: 375-398

Holmberg M, Mulder J, Posch M, Starr M, Forsius M, Johansson M, Bak J, Ilvesniemi H, Sverdrup H (2001) Critical loads of acidity for forest soils: Tentative modifications. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus 1: 91-101

Gregor H-D, Nagel H-D, Posch M (2001) The UN/ECE International Programme on Mapping Critical Loads and Levels. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus 1: 5-19

Hettelingh J-P, Posch M, De Smet PAM (2001) Multi-effect critical loads used in multi-pollutant reduction agreements in Europe. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 130: 1133-1138

Posch M, Hettelingh J-P, De Smet PAM (2001) Characterization of critical load exceedances in Europe. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 130: 1139-1144

Bull KR, Achermann B, Bashkin V, Chrast R, Fenech G, Forsius M, Gregor H-D, Guardans R, Haußmann T, Hayes F, Hettelingh J-P, Johannessen T, Krzyzanowski M, Kucera V, Kvaeven B, Lorenz M, Lundin L, Mills G, Posch M, Skjelkvåle BL, Ulstein MJ (2001) Coordinated effects monitoring and modelling for developing and supporting international air pollution control agreements. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 130: 119-130

Hindar A, Posch M, Henriksen A (2001) Effects of in-lake retention of nitrogen on critical load calculations. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 130: 1403-1408

Mayerhofer P, Alcamo J, Posch M, Van Minnen JG (2001) Regional air pollution and climate change in Europe: An integrated assessment ( AIR-CLIM). Water, Air and Soil Pollution 130: 1151-1156

Johansson M, Alveteg M, Amann M, Bak J, Bartnicki J, Ekqvist M, Forsius M, Frohn L, Geernaert G, Gimeno B, Guardans R, Karvosenoja N, Martín F, Posch M, Suutari R, Syri S (2001) Integrated assessment modeling of air pollution in four European countries. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 130: 175-186

Johansson M, Suutari R, Bak J, Lövblad G, Posch M, Simpson D, Tuovinen J-P, Tørseth K (2001) The importance of nitrogen oxides for the exceedance of critical thresholds in the Nordic countries. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 130: 1739-1744

Posch M, Hettelingh J-P, Mayerhofer P (2001) Past and future exceedances of nitrogen critical loads in Europe. In: Optimizing Nitrogen Management in Food and Energy Production and Environmental Protection: Proceedings of the 2nd International Nitrogen Conference on Science and Policy. TheScientificWorld 1(S2): 945-952

Suutari R, Amann M, Cofala J, Klimont Z, Posch M, Schöpp W (2001) From economic activities to ecosystem protection in Europe – An uncertainty analysis of two scenarios of the RAINS integrated assessment model. CIAM/ CCE Report 1/2001, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria, iv+57 pp. www.iiasa.ac.at/~rains

Hettelingh J-P, Posch M, De Smet P (2001) Land cover information for European environmental modelling. In: J Stillwell, H Scholten (eds) Land Use Simulation for Europe. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp.115-126

Reinds GJ, Posch M, De Vries W (2001) A semi-empirical dynamic soil acidification model for use in spatially explicit integrated assessment models for Europe. Alterra-Report 084, Alterra Green World Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 55 pp

2000

Soja G, Barnes J, Posch M, Vandermeiren K, Pleijel H, Mills G (2000) Phenological weigthing of ozone exposures in the calculation of critical levels for wheat, bean and plantain. Environmental Pollution 109: 517-524

Hirst D, Kåresen K, Høst G, Posch M (2000) Estimating the exceedance of critical loads in Europe by considering local variability in deposition. Atmospheric Environment 34: 3789-3800

Syri S, Suutari R, Posch M (2000) From emissions in Europe to critical load exceedances in Finland Uncertainty analysis of acidification integrated assessment. Environmental Science & Policy 3: 263-276

Shah J, Nagpal T, Johnson T, Amann M, Carmichael G, Foell W, Green C, Hettelingh J-P, Hordijk L, Li J, Peng C, Pu Y, Ramankutty R, Streets D (2000) Integrated analysis for acid rain in Asia: policy implications and results of RAINS-Asia model. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 25: 339-375

Udo de Haes H, Heijungs R, Huppes G, Van der Voet E, Hettelingh J-P (2000) Full mode and attribution mode in environmental analysis. Journal of Industrial Ecology 4(1): 45-56

Posch M (2000) Critical loads of acidity: Possible modifications. In: M Holmberg (ed) Critical Loads Calculations: Developments and Tentative Applications. TemaNord 2000:566, Nordic Council of Ministers, Copenhagen, Denmark, pp.8-19

Hindar A, Posch M, Henriksen A, Gunn J, Snucins E (2000) Development and application of the FAB model to calculate critical loads of S and N for lakes in the Killarney Provincial Park ( Ontario, Canada). Report SNO 4202-2000, Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo, Norway, 41 pp

1999

Posch M, De Vries W (1999) Derivation of critical loads by steady-state and dynamic soil models. In: SJ Langan (ed) The Impact of Nitrogen Deposition on Natural and Semi-Natural Ecosystems. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp. 213-234

Posch M, Fuhrer J (1999) Mapping level-II exceedance of ozone critical levels for crops on a European scale: The use of correction factors. In: J Fuhrer, B Achermann (eds) Critical Levels for Ozone Level II. Environmental Documentation No.115, Swiss Agency for Environment, Forest and Landscape, Bern, Switzerland, pp.49-53

1998

Forsius M, Alveteg M, Jenkins A, Johansson M, Kleemola S, Lükewille A, Posch M, Sverdrup H, Walse C (1998) MAGIC, SAFE and SMART model applications at integrated monitoring sites: Effects of emission reduction scenarios. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 105: 21-30

Kämäri J, Rankinen K, Finér L, Piirainen S, Posch M (1998) Modelling the response of soil and runoff chemistry to forest harvesting in a low deposition area (Kangasvaara, eastern Finland). Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 2(4): 485-495

Henriksen A, Posch M (1998) Critical loads and their exceedances for ICP-Waters sites. ICP-Waters Report 44/1998. Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo, Norway, 35 pp

Hettelingh J-P, De Haan BJ, Strengers BJ, Klein Goldewijk CGM, Van Woerden JW, Pearce DW, Capros P, Georgakopoulos T, Cofala J, Amann M (1998) Integrated environmental assessment of the base line scenario for the EU State-of-the-Environment Report 1998. Report (+ Annex) to the European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, 32 (+230) pp

Hettelingh J-P (1998) Fail safety or no risk: The role of environmetric research in the analysis of chain-reactions to endpoints of environmental policy. Inaugural lecture, University of Leiden, ISBN 90-5191-118-1 (in Dutch)

1997

Posch M, Kämäri J, Forsius M, Henriksen A, Wilander A (1997) Exceedance of critical loads for lakes in Finland, Norway and Sweden: Reduction requirements for acidifying nitrogen and sulfur deposition. Environmental Management 21(2): 291-304

Hettelingh J-P, De Smet PAM, Posch M (1997) Computation and use of critical loads. In: D Brune, DV Chapman, MD Gwynne, JM Pacina (eds) The Global Environment - Science, Technology and Management, Vol.1. VCH Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Weinheim, Germany, pp.441-453

Hettelingh J-P, Posch M, De Smet PAM (1997) The use of critical thresholds to assess natural stock at risk. Environmental Research Forum 7-8: 536-544

Hettelingh J-P, Posch M, De Smet PAM (1997) Mapping critical thresholds for integrated assessment. In: Health Effects of Ozone and Nitrogen Oxides in an Integrated Assessment of Air Pollution. Institute for Environment and Health, University of Leicester, United Kingdom, pp. 56-59

Kauppi PE, Posch M, Hänninen P, Henttonen HM, Ihalainen A, Lappalainen E, Starr M, Tamminen P (1997) Carbon reservoirs in forests and peatlands in the boreal regions of Finland. Silva Fennica 31(1): 13-25

Posch M, Johansson M, Forsius M (1997) Critical loads and dynamic models. In: S Kleemola, M Forsius (eds) 6th Annual Report 1997. UN ECE ICP Integrated Monitoring. The Finnish Environment 116:13-23. Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki, Finland

Forsius M, Johansson M, Posch M, Holmberg M, Kämäri J, Lepistö A, Roos J, Syri S, Starr M (1997) Modelling the effects of climate change, acidic deposition and forest harvesting on the biogeochemistry of a boreal forested catchment in Finland. Boreal Environment Research 2(2): 129-143

1996

Posch M, Hettelingh J-P, Alcamo J, Krol M (1996) Integrated scenarios of acidification and climate change in Asia and Europe. Global Environmental Change 6: 375-395

Hettelingh J-P, Posch M, De Smet PAM. (1996) Mapping critical thresholds and stock at risk. In: L Kärenlampi, L Skärby (eds) Critical levels for ozone in Europe: Testing and finalizing the concepts. UNECE Workshop Report, Univ. of Kuopio, Dept. of Ecology and Environmental Science, Kuopio, Finland, pp. 125-137

Forsius M, Alveteg M, Jenkins A, Johansson M, Kleemola S, Lükewille A, Posch M, Sverdrup H, Syri S, Walse C (1996) Dynamic model applications at selected ICP IM sites. In: S Kleemola, M Forsius (eds) 5th Annual Report 1996. UN ECE ICP Integrated Monitoring. The Finnish Environment 27:10-24. Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki, Finland

1995

Hettelingh J-P, Posch M, De Smet PAM, Downing RJ (1995) The use of critical loads in emission reduction agreements in Europe. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 85: 2381-2389

De Vries W, Posch M, Oja T, Van Oene H, Kros H, Warfvinge P, Arp PA (1995) Modelling critical loads for the Solling spruce site. Ecological Modelling 83: 283-293

Henriksen A, Posch M, Hultberg H, Lien L (1995) Critical loads of acidity for surface waters - Can the ANClimit be considered variable? Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 85: 2419-2424

Hettelingh J-P, Sverdrup H, Zhao D (1995) Calculating critical loads for Asia. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 85: 2565-2570

Foell WK, Green C, Amann M, Bhattacharya S, Carmichael G, Chadwick M, Cinderby S, Haugland T, Hettelingh J-P, Hordijk L, Kuylenstierna J, Shah J, Shresta R, Streets D, Zhao D (1995) Energy use, emissions and air pollution reduction strategies in Asia. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 85: 2277-2282

Kämäri J, Posch M, Kähkönen A-M, Johansson M (1995) Modeling potential long-term responses of a small catchment in Lapland to changes in sulfur deposition. Science of the Total Environment 160/161: 687-701

Alcamo J, Krol M, Posch M (1995) An integrated analysis of sulfur emissions, acid deposition and climate change. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 85: 1539-1550

Rask M, Mannio J, Forsius M, Posch M, Vuorinen PJ (1995) How many fish populations in Finland are affected by acid precipitation? Environmental Biology of Fishes 42: 51-63

Posch M (1995) Critical loads for acidifying and nutrient nitrogen. In: M Forsius, S Kleemola (eds) Effects of Nitrogen Deposition on Integrated Monitoring Sites. Proceedings from an international workshop in Oslo, 6-7 March 1995. ICP IM Programme Centre, Finnish Environment Agency, Helsinki, Finland, pp. 93-97

Henriksen A, Posch M (1995) Critical loads for nitrogen: surface waters. In: M Hornung, MA Sutton, RB Wilson (eds) Mapping and Modelling of Critical Loads for Nitrogen: A Workshop Report. Proceedings of the Grange-over-Sands Workshop, 24-26 October 1994. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, United Kingdom, pp. 55-62

Posch M (1995) Critical loads for aquatic ecosystems. In: M Hornung, MA Sutton, RB Wilson (eds) Mapping and Modelling of Critical Loads for Nitrogen: A Workshop Report. Proceedings of the Grange-over-Sands Workshop, 24-26 October 1994. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, United Kingdom, pp. 63-68

Meijer EN, Hettelingh J-P, Padding P (1995) Mapping critical loads of European ecosystems. In: MJC De Lepper, HJ Scholten, RM Stern (eds) The Added Value of Geographical Information Systems in Public and Environmental Health, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 315-330

Hettelingh J-P, Chadwick M, Sverdrup H, Zhao D (1995) RAINS-Asia, An assessment model for acid rain in Asia: Impact Module. In: Foell et al. (eds) Acid Rain and Emissions in Asia. Report to the World Bank

1994

De Vries W, Reinds GJ, Posch M (1994) Assessment of critical loads and their exceedance on European forests using a one-layer steady-state model. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 72: 357-394

De Vries W, Reinds GJ, Posch M, Kämäri J (1994) Simulation of soil response to acidic deposition scenarios in Europe. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 78: 215-246

Hettelingh J-P, Posch M (1994) Critical loads and dynamic assessment of ecosystem recovery. In: J Grasman, G Van Straten (eds) Predictability and Nonlinear Modelling in Natural Sciences and Economics. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp.439-446

Hettelingh J-P, De Smet PAM, Downing RJ (1994) The critical load concept and critical loads in Europe. In: H Raitio, T Kilponen (eds) Critical Loads and Critical Limit Values. The Finnish Forest Research Institute, Research Paper 513, Parkano, Finland, pp. 11-26

Posch M (1994) Allocation of critical loads to S and N deposition. In: H Raitio, T Kilponen (eds) Critical Loads and Critical Limit Values. The Finnish Forest Research Institute, Research Paper 513, Parkano, Finland, pp. 36-47

De Vries W, Reinds GJ, Posch M (1994) Assessment of the forested area in Europe at risk under various acid deposition scenarios. In: H Raitio, T Kilponen (eds) Critical Loads and Critical Limit Values. The Finnish Forest Research Institute, Research Paper 513, Parkano, Finland, pp. 48-65

Henriksen A, Kämäri J, Posch M, Forsius M, Wilander A, Moyseenko T (1994) Critical loads for surface waters in Scandinavia and the Kola region. In: H Raitio, T Kilponen (eds) Critical Loads and Critical Limit Values. The Finnish Forest Research Institute, Research Paper 513, Parkano, Finland, pp. 97-108

Hettelingh J-P, De Leeuw F (1994) Mapping critical loads and levels in Europe. In: J Fuhrer, B Achermann (eds) Critical Levels for Ozone: A UNECE Workshop Report. Schriftenreihe der FAC Liebefeld No.16, Liebefeld-Bern, Switzerland, pp. 168-182

Henriksen A, Wilander A, Kämäri J, Posch M, Forsius M, Baxendale H, Tarvainen T (1994) Critical loads for acidification of surface waters in Northern Fennoscandia (Nordkalotten). Nordkalottkommiteens publikasjonsserie, Rapport nr. 33, Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo, Norway, 22 pp

1993

Posch M, Forsius M, Kämäri J (1993) Critical loads of sulfur and nitrogen for lakes I: Model description and estimation of uncertainty. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 66: 173-192

Kämäri J, Forsius M, Posch M (1993) Critical loads of sulfur and nitrogen for lakes II: Regional extent and variability in Finland. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 66: 77-96

Hettelingh J-P (1993) Les travaux de cartographie de charges critiques en Europe dans le cadre de la CEE/ONU. Pollution Atmospherique, Numéro spécial juin 1993, pp. 44-53

Henriksen A, Forsius M, Kämäri J, Posch M, Wilander A (1993) Exceedance of critical loads for lakes in Finland, Norway and Sweden: Reduction requirements for nitrogen and sulfur deposition. Acid Rain Research Report 32/1993, Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo, Norway, 46 pp; www.niva.no

Posch M, Reinds GJ, De Vries W (1993) SMART-A Simulation Model for Acidification's Regional Trends: Model description and user manual. Mimeograph Series of the National Board of Waters and the Environment 477, Helsinki, Finland, 43 pp

Posch M, Kämäri J, Johansson M, Forsius M (1993) Displaying inter- and intra-regional variability of large-scale survey results. Environmetrics 4: 341-352

De Vries W, Posch M, Reinds GJ, Kämäri J (1993) Critical loads and their exceedance on forest soils in Europe. The Winand Staring Centre for Integrated Land, Soil and Water Research, Report 58 (revised version), Wageningen, The Netherlands, 116 pp

Iivonen P, J Kämäri, M Posch (1993) Modelling the chemical response of a moderately acidified catchment in southern Finland to decreased sulphur deposition. Aqua Fennica 23: 235-249

1992

Hettelingh J-P, Gardner RH, Hordijk L (1992) A statistical approach to the regional use of critical loads. Environmental Pollution 77: 177-183

Henriksen A, Kämäri J, Posch M, Wilander A (1992) Critical loads of acidity: Nordic surface waters. Ambio 21: 356-363

Warfvinge P, Holmberg M, Posch M, Wright RF (1992) The use of dynamic models to set target loads. Ambio 21: 369-376

Kämäri J, Amann M, Brodin Y-W, Chadwick MJ, Henriksen A, Hettelingh J-P, Kuylenstierna J, Posch M, Sverdrup H (1992) The use of critical loads for the assessment of future alternatives to acidification. Ambio 21: 377-386

Forsius M, Kämäri J, Posch M (1992) Critical loads for Finnish lakes: Comparison of three steady-state models. Environmental Pollution 77: 185-193

Hettelingh J-P, Downing RJ, De Smet PAM (1992) The critical loads concept for the control of acidification. In: T Schneider (ed) Acidification Research, Evaluation and Policy Applications. Elseviers Science Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp.161-174

Hettelingh J-P, De Vries W (1992) Mapping Vademecum. Report No. 259101002 (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands, 58 pp

Kämäri J, Jeffries DS, Hessen DO, Henriksen A, Posch M, Forsius M (1992) Nitrogen critical loads and their exceedance for surface waters. In: P Grennfelt, E Thörnelöf (eds) Critical Loads for Nitrogen, Nord 1992:41, Nordic Council of Ministers, Copenhagen, Denmark, pp. 161-200

Hettelingh J-P, Posch M, De Vries W, Bull K, Sverdrup HU (1992) Guidelines for the computation and mapping of nitrogen critical loads and exceedances in Europe. In: P Grennfelt, E Thörnelöf (eds) Critical loads for Nitrogen. Nord 1992:41, Nordic Council of Ministers, Copenhagen, Denmark, pp 287-303

1991

Rose KA, Brenkert AL, Cook RB, Gardner RH, Hettelingh J-P (1991) Systematic comparison of ILWAS, MAGIC, and ETD watershed acidification models: 1. Mapping among model inputs and deterministic results. Water Resources Research 27(10): 2577-2589

Rose KA, Cook RB, Brenkert AL, Gardner RH, Hettelingh J-P (1991) Systematic comparison of ILWAS, MAGIC, and ETD watershed acidification models: 2. Monte Carlo analysis under regional variability. Water Resources Research 27(10): 2591-2603

Posch M, Kauppi L (1991) Potential for acidification of forest soils in Europe. In: FM Brouwer, AJ Thomas, MJ Chadwick (eds) Land Use Changes in Europe: Processes of Change, Environmental Transformations and Future Patterns. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 325-350

Wright RF, Holmberg M, Posch M, Warfvinge P (1991) Dynamic models for predicting soil and water acidification: Application to three catchments in Fenno-Scandinavia. Acid Rain Research Report 25/1991, Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo, Norway, 40 pp; www.niva.no

1990

Ivens W, Kauppi P, Alcamo J, Posch M (1990) Sulfur deposition onto European forests: throughfall data and model estimates. Tellus 42B: 294-303

Kauppi P, Posch M, Kauppi L, Kämäri J (1990) Modeling soil acidification in Europe. In: J Alcamo, R Shaw, L Hordijk (eds) The RAINS Model of Acidification Science and Strategies in Europe. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 179-221

Kämäri J, Hettelingh J-P, Posch M, Holmberg M (1990) Regional freshwater acidification: sensitivity and long-term dynamics. In: J Alcamo, R Shaw, L Hordijk (eds) The RAINS Model of Acidification Science and Strategies in Europe. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 223-261

Posch M, Kämäri J (1990) Modeling regional acidification of Finnish lakes. In: J Kämäri (ed) Impact Models to Assess Regional Acidification. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 145-166

Hettelingh J-P (1990) Uncertainty in modeling regional environmental systems: the generalization of a watershed acidification model for predicting broad scale effects. IIASA Research Report RR-90-3, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria, 224 pp; www.iiasa.ac.at

Kauppi L, Posch M (1990) Soil: Acidification changes. In: AM Solomon, L Kauppi (eds) Toward Ecological Sustainability in Europe: Climate, Water Resources, Soil, and Biota, RR-90-6, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria, pp. 93-114; www.iiasa.ac.at

Henriksen A, Kämäri J, Posch M, Lövblad G, Forsius M, Wilander A (1990) Critical Loads to Surface Waters in Fennoscandia Intra- and Inter-grid Variability of Critical Loads and their Exceedance. Nordic Council of Ministers, Nord 1990:124, Copenhagen, Denmark

 

 

 

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